It can be hard coming up with dinner ideas that can keep your family fed and happy without spending a lot of money on groceries or tiring yourself out. Every culture has its go-to recipes that can help during the week, but it seems to be rice-based dishes that tick the most boxes.
Two of the most well-known and enjoyed rice dishes in the world are jambalaya and paella. Because they are both traditional rice dishes, some people find it hard to recognise them as two separate dishes. But how different are jambalaya and paella?
Paella is a Spanish dish, acting as a true signifier of Spanish cuisine. Jambalaya is technically an American creole dish that has heavy West African influences.
What is Jambalaya?
Jambalaya is a dish born from many cultural influences from French to Spanish through to African, but is now viewed as a classic American creole dish from Louisiana.
Food historians believe that because of jambalaya’s similarities to the West African staple jollof rice, jambalaya is an African dish brought to America during the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
While that seems very likely because of its close flavour resemblance to jollof rice, jambalaya is a delicious dish in its own right.
Jambalaya is a meat and rice dish with some vegetable and seafood twists thrown in to make the dish stand out. Long grain rice has been the most commonly grown rice in Louisiana for centuries, forming the base of jambalaya.
Mixed in with the rice is an assortment of sausage, smoked meat, and chicken or pork. In areas of Louisiana where seafood is easily accessible, shrimp is often used in jambalaya with a handful of crawfish thrown into the mix.
The combination of vegetables used in jambalaya is not unique.
They are considered the trinity of creole cooking, further cultivating jambalaya as an American creole dish. Celery, onion, and bell pepper help make jambalaya a slightly sweet, spicy, but hearty dish anyone can enjoy.
Though jambalaya is very similar to jollof rice, it is missing tomatoes. That is because historically, tomatoes were not easy to come by in Louisiana, so they were not incorporated into most dishes
What is Paella?
Though people outside of Spain view paella as an inherently Spanish dish, Spanish locals know that its origins are more specific. Paella is an essential symbol of the Valencian region and has seen many iterations throughout its history.
At its core, paella uses a base of round grain rice which is a rice that is high in starch and usually used for rice pudding, making it ideal for soaking up the chicken broth and olive oil it is cooked in.
As for the proteins of the dish, chicken, seafood, and vegetables such as green beans are favoured.
Each family paella recipe will have its own take on the right meat and seafood to use, but there is almost always a land meat, some seafood, and hearty vegetables used.
These are all cooked in one big pan and have been since paella’s invention.
All the seasonings used for paella aim to emphasise the taste of the proteins. Saffron or turmeric are traditionally used to add a complex sweetness to the dish and provide a floral aroma.
Paella de Marisco is a seafood-centric paella that uses seafood and seafood broth instead of land meat. Paella Valenciana is the more traditional paella recipe, while Paella Mixta uses a more hearty mix of proteins and vegetables.
Similarities Between Jambalaya and Paella
By definition alone, jambalaya and paella seem very similar. Here are a few more ways that the two dishes are closely matched:
- One Pot Wonders – The best thing about making jambalaya or paella is how little mess there is. They are designed to be one-pot dishes, prepared and cooked in the same pot, making for a clean, easy dinner.
- Rice Bases – Though the kind of rice used may vary, jambalaya and paella both use rice as the base of their dishes. This helps bulk the meal out and make it as filling as possible. Rice is relatively cheap so it helps to keep the cost of the dish down without losing out on quantity.
- Seafood Flavours – Seafood plays a vital part in the flavour of traditional jambalaya and paella dishes. Modern takes on either dish don’t always use seafood to make the recipes more accessible, but, traditionally, seafood is incorporated into the dishes in some way.
- Bulk Cooking – Many people like to make jambalaya and paella in bulk batches to help with meal prep or to serve at a large gathering. The dishes themselves are designed to be an easy way to feed many people in one go, so they are the perfect meals to cook in bulk.
Differences Between Jambalaya and Paella
Given their vastly different historical backgrounds, jambalaya and paella do have their noticeable differences:
- Regional Influence – Though jambalaya is thought to have some Spanish influence in its creation, it pulls a lot more influence from West African cuisine. Paella, on the other hand, is a Spanish dish through and through, reflected in the dish’s lightness.
- Types Of Rice – There is a textural difference between jambalaya and paella primarily due to the types of rice they use. Paella uses round-grain rice, high in starch, making it a softer and sometimes mushier dish. Jambalaya uses long-grain rice, giving the dish a rough texture as the rice grains are more defined.
- Amount Of Seafood Used – Traditional jambalaya recipes only include seafood in the areas where seafood was commonly available. However, seafood is a big part of many paella recipes, which gives the dish a more Mediterranean feel.
Jambalaya vs Paella: Which Wins?
It’s now time for you to pick your favourite. If you could only eat one dish, which would you be voting for in our match-up of jambalaya vs paella?
Do You Prefer Jambalaya or Paella?
Jambalaya and Paella FAQs
Do you have more questions about jambalaya and paella and how they are similar? Then check these FAQs out:
No, the type of rice used in jambalaya is entirely different to the rice used in paella. This is why they have a different texture. Using paella rice in a jambalaya would not be a good idea.
When making jambalaya, you should opt for a long-grain variety of rice. Generally, the rice used in traditional jambalaya is white.
The most common paella rice is bomba. It can be expensive and hard to get hold of outside of Spain. You could, instead, use any short-grain rice such as arborio or calrose.
Acacia may be a freelance writer by day, but they are a food fanatic by night. They are always trying out new recipes or finding different ways to elevate classical dishes. But their biggest culinary aim is to educate others on the basics of the kitchen so that they too can enjoy delicious food.